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SqEK-Event in Berlin / 29th of August 2013

In times of crisis and rising urban conflicts, squatting as a strategy for housing but also for political self organisation seems to celebrate a revival all over Europe. At the same time, we observe accelerated gentrification and displacement, and a rising repression and criminalization of squatting in the last years.

Activists and researchers of Squatting in Europe Kollektive (sqek.squat.net) from Brighton/London, from Rotterdam, Paris and Geneva will talk about the situation of squatting under these contradicting conditions in their cities, in order to exchange experiences and to discuss possibilities of squatting and urban movements. The event will be held in English, translation into other languages are possible.

SqEK (Squatting Europe Kollective) is a transnational collective of academics and activists working on the phenomenon of squatting in a variety of fields, which include urban studies, sociology, political science, anthropology, geography and history.

 

Thursday, 29th of August 2013, 20 h

Social Center New Yorck im Bethanien, Mariannenplatz 2a, Berlin-Kreuzberg

Entrance: free

[EN] Book released in Paris!

The book is now printed! You can download the complete pdf – sqek-book.

Please help us promote/sell the book also, we are not making any profit from this and want to spread the articles widely…

It is published by minorcompositions, where you can buy it for a reasonable £10. They will send worldwide.

It will also soon be available to buy via AKUK, Active, AKpress, Autonomedia and all decent radical bookshops. For wholesale it is distributed by Turnaround or by Minor Compositions direct.

SqEK // Paris, 2013 // Internal Meetings // Minutes

SqEK internal meetings // March 20 and 24, 2013

 

 

1 // Books

 

* Minor Compositions

 

-PDF is already available in both Minor Compositions and SqEK webpages

 

-Distribution: please write directly to Stevphen (or through the SqEK list) to ask for books at the better price in order to save distribution costs, and to contact local bookshops… However, Autonomedia is the official distributor, so they could be in charge of this too.

 

-Reviews: please ask friends and scholars to write reviews of the book in academic journals, newspapers and activist media… SqEK members who are not authors are warmly encouraged to write reviews too.

 

-Contact famous people who could write a short comment on the book in order to include it in the cover of the next edition of the book.

 

 

* Popular book

 

-Only 3 texts were finished… (UK, France and Italy)

 

-Select pictures and send them to the editors

 

-New editors: Alan, Edward, Andre and Hans. (Authorship of the whole be will be SqEK, but any chapter will include authors’ names.)

 

 

* Pluto

 

-Claudio and Miguel are coordinating this book based on the central idea of conceiving squatting as an alternative to capitalism. Several chapters were already written and some are still under way.

 

-Apart form authors, all the SqEK members can contribute with the review of chapters and a short piece of comments may be included at the end of each chapter, with a mention to this additional authorship.

 

-Small boxes telling short stories and cases may be included, so they are welcome if you want to contribute in this way.

 

-Everything should be ready by June 3!! This is the deadline when the editor expects our draft. Some things may be modified later.

 

 

* Squatting and Migration

 

-Eliseo and Sutapa offered themselves as editors of this forthcoming volume.

 

-Call for papers is, then, open.

 

* New SqEK book

 

-It would consist of a new collection of (preferentially) already published articles in journals, similar to what we did in the book published by Minor Compositions.

 

-Articles already published in other books may be considered in case those books had a bad distribution, and after asking for permission to their respective editors.

 

-Editors: Frank, Armin and Hans. (Authorship of the whole book be will be SqEK, but any chapter will include authors’ names.)

 

-Possible authors (/chapters) right now: Eliseo, Hans, Miguel, Tisba, Armin, André, Lucrezia, Alan & Hans, Thomas & Merce & Robert, Deanna & Edward

 

 

 

2 // Research Projects

 

* MOVOKEUR: A comparison of 4 Spanish cities and 8 European ones (2012-2014)

 

-Two people (Angela and Nico) were partially contracted to work on the Spanish cities

 

-This year some people may be also paid for specific works, but no contracts will be signed in order to get an adequate distribution of the money left (around 25,000 €) and to cover all the areas of research.

 

-There are various aspects of the project that are being undertaken by several SqEK members, but additional contributions may be accepted: cyclical evolution (data bases), contextual constraints (urban, political, social and cultural), social networks, social identities, political impacts, and processes of institutionalisation.

 

-Miguel (UCM, Madrid) is the Principal Investigator

 

 

* ORA: Comparative research of squatting in the Netherlands, France, UK, Germany and USA

 

-Already submitted, awaiting for score and feedback.

 

-Hans (EU, Rotterdam) is the PI.

 

 

* COST: promotion of European research networks

 

-Already submitted, awaiting for score and feedback.

 

-Hans (EU, Rotterdam) is the PI.

 

 

 

 

 

3 // Website

 

-Management of the website is open to all who want to contribute.

-Articles, books, etc. are needed to be uploaded, so, please, help with this.

 

 

4 // Interference Archive (and 56a)

 

-The Interference Archive is located in New York City, hosted us last year and started to collect all kind of materials about squatting (in Europe), in particular publications and artistic-political stuff. If you have copies to send them, check with SqEK members and with the IA people.

 

-The same is requested by the 56a archive in London.

 

 

5 // Feedback about the Paris conference and suggestions for future meetings

 

-General satisfaction with the programme.

-Many new faces presented their works.

-Many locals attended the talks and debates, visits being even crowded.

-Activists from different squatting tendencies met.

-Excellent translation support which was crucial for locals.

-Friendly atmosphere and warm receptions by squatters.

-Great organisation of places for crush.

-Unique opportunity to know what’s up about squatting in Paris.

 

Aspects to improve and suggestions:

 

-Shorter presentations would be better.

-A few number of presentations also was favoured, instead of too many.

-More time for collective debates would be appreciate it.

-Debates and presentations should be organised according to major issues.

-Posters may substitute oral presentations.

-Special events or talks explicitly organised to attract local activists are needed.

-Local activists should be invited to present their analysis.

-Visits to squats could be reduced to 3 or 4.

-The whole schedule should be less stressful, with sufficient time for lunch and free evenings.

-Punctuality is something to encourage more.

-Translations may be organised with technological gadgets for cell phones.

-Include forgotten issues like gender and criminalisation.

-Take care about gender balance contributions to the meetings and books.

-Show publicly our solidarity with repressed or threated squatters.

-Squat a building for the period of the SqEK meeting.

 

 

6 // Forthcoming SqEK meetings

 

-First appointement is at the ISA-RC 21 Conference in Berlin, August 29-31. Armin and Miguel are in charge of two sessions on ‘autonomous urban movements’ and three SqEkers will present papers. Hans and Andre, likely, will also help with the coordination.

 

-Two cities were suggested to host the next SqEK meeting (Barcelona and Rome), but people from Rome already confirmed they could organise it in late May 2014.

[FR] Paris Agenda

20 mars

Sciences Po
56 rue des Saints Pères, 5ème étage, Salle Goguel (métro 4 Saint Germain des Près, ou 10 Sèvres Babylone)

14h:

Introduction, programme,et présentation du dernier livre Sqek (Thomas).
-”Qu’est-ce qu’un collectif de recherche-action? ” (Miguel).

Certaines expériences parisiennes:

-”Intersquat Paris” (Hediman).
-«Récits de squatters à Paris ” (Jacqueline).

Le grand débat:
-« squats et institutionnalisation »

21 mars

La Gare XP
0bis rue Lucien Descaves (métro Cité Universitaire, RER B)

10h30:

-Présentation de la Gare XP.
-”Art + squat = X” (Alan M.).
-”Zomeeeee» (Eric).

14h:

-«Relations dynamiques entre l’organisation spatiale, sociale et politique » (Luca).
-”L’absorption des mouvements de squatters dans les nouveaux conlits urbains (Berlin,
Barcelone) ” (Armin).
-”Le cycle de protestation squat à Madrid “(Miguel).
-«La diversité des squatters de Berlin “(Albatroz).

22 mars

Le Transfo
59 avenue de la république, Bagnolet (métro 3 Gallieni ou 9 Robespierre)

11h:

Présentation du Transfo.

13h:

-”Le squat comme alternative au capitalisme » (Hans).
-«La criminalisation du squat en Angleterre et aux Pays-Bas ” (Edward et Deanna).
-«Répondre aux expulsions: Liebig 14 (Berlin) ” (Lucrèce).
“Occupations illégales à Buenos Aires: hétérotopie ” (Harry).

Valenciennes
2 rue de Valenciennes (métro Gare de l’Est)

19h:

-Présentation de valenciennes.
-«Les campagnes de squatters aux Etats-Unis ” (Frank).

23 mars

Le Shakiraïl
72 rue Riquet (métro Marx Dormoy)

10h:

-Présentation du Shakirail.
-«Squat rural en Espagne “(Claudio).
-«Squat rural en France “(Margot et l’Automedia).
-”La ZAD et autres activités rurales contre les gros projets “(Margot et l’Automedia).

14H:

Visite du quartier Marx Dormoy:
Ecobox, Jardin d’Alice, Theâtre de Verre, Arrière-cour 93, Bois Dormoy.

17 heures:
“Autonomie et auto-détermination des immigrants clandestins dans les centres sociaux” (Sutapa).

24 mars

14 heures:

Visite historique du 20e arrondissement (Tisba).

19H30:

La Miroiterie
88 rue de Ménilmontant (métro 11 Pyrénées ou 2 Ménilmontant)
Jam session.

[EN] Conference Paris March 20-24

Meeting in English with simultaneous French translation —

20 mars — Sciences Po

56 rue des Saints Pères, 5ème étage, Salle Goguel (métro 4 Saint Germain des Près, ou 10 Sèvres Babylone)

14h: Introduction, programme,et présentation du dernier livre SqEK (Thomas).
-”Qu’est-ce qu’un collectif de recherche-action? ” (Miguel).
Certaines expériences parisiennes:
-”Intersquat Paris” (Hediman).
-«Récits de squatters à Paris ” (Jacqueline).
Le grand débat:
-« squats et institutionnalisation »

21 mars — La Gare XP

0bis rue Lucien Descaves (métro Cité Universitaire, RER B)
10h30: Présentation de la Gare XP.

-”Art + squat = X” (Alan M.).
-”Zomeeeee» (Eric).
14h: -«Relations dynamiques entre l’organisation spatiale, sociale et politique » (Luca).
-”L’absorption des mouvements de squatters dans les nouveaux conflits urbains (Berlin,
Barcelone) ” (Armin).
-”Le cycle de protestation squat à Madrid “(Miguel).
-«La diversité des squatters de Berlin “(Albatroz).

22 mars — Le Transfo

59 avenue de la république, Bagnolet (métro 3 Gallieni ou 9 Robespierre)

11h: Présentation du Transfo.
13h: -”Le squat comme alternative au capitalisme » (Hans).
-«La criminalisation du squat en Angleterre et aux Pays-Bas ” (Edward et Deanna).
-«Répondre aux expulsions: Liebig 14 (Berlin) ” (Lucrèce).
“Occupations illégales à Buenos Aires: hétérotopie ” (Harry).

Valenciennes
2 rue de Valenciennes (métro Gare de l’Est)

19h: -Présentation de valenciennes.
-«Les campagnes de squatters aux Etats-Unis ” (Frank).

23 mars — Le Shakiraïl
72 rue Riquet (métro Marx Dormoy)

10h: -Présentation du Shakirail.
-«Squat rural en Espagne “(Claudio).
-«Squat rural en France “(Margot et l’Automedia).
-”La ZAD et autres activités rurales contre les gros projets “(Margot et l’Automedia).
14H: Visite du quartier Marx Dormoy:
Ecobox, Jardin d’Alice, Theâtre de Verre, Arrière-cour 93, Bois Dormoy.
17 heures: “Autonomie et auto-détermination des immigrants clandestins dans les centres sociaux” (Sutapa).

24 mars

14 heures: Visite historique du 20e arrondissement (Tisba).
19H30: La Miroiterie
88 rue de Ménilmontant (métro 11 Pyrénées ou 2 Ménilmontant)
Jam session.

The conference programme is also online here.

Welcome

Squatting Europe è una rete di ricerca che pone al centro dell’analisi il movimento delle occupazioni (centri sociali e squat).
/
SQuatting Europe Kollective (Colectivo Okupando Europa / Okupación en Europa) es una red de investigación centrada en el movimiento okupa.
/
Squatting Europe est un réseau de recherches qui place le mouvement squatteur au coeur de ses analyses.
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Squatting Europe is a research network focusing on the squatters’ movement.

Our manifesto is available in English, French, Spanish and Italian.

Book – Squatting in Europe: Radical Spaces, Urban Struggles

Available NOW!

Squatting in Europe: Radical Spaces, Urban Struggles

Published on Minor Compositions, which states:

Squatting in Europe aims to move beyond the conventional understandings of squatting, investigating its history in Europe over the past four decades. Historical comparisons and analysis blend together in these inquiries into squatting in the Netherlands, Italy, Spain, France, Germany and England. In it members of SqEK (Squatting Europe Kollective) explore the diverse, radical, and often controversial nature of squatting as a form of militant research and self-managed knowledge production.

Contents:

  • Hans Pruijt: Squatting in Europe
  • Pierpaolo Mudu: Resisting and challenging Neoliberalism: the development of Italian Social
    Centres
  • Gianni Piazza: How activists make decisions within Social Centres? A comparative study in an Italian city
  • Miguel A. Martínez: The Squatters’ Movement in Spain: A Local and Global Cycle of Urban Protests
  • Claudio Cattaneo: Urban squatting, rural squatting and the ecological-economic perspective
  • Andre Holm, Armin Kuhn: Squatting and Urban Renewal: The Interaction of Squatter Movements and Strategies of Urban Restructuring in Berlin
  • Linus Owens: Have squat, will travel: How squatter mobility mobilizes squatting
  • Florence Boullon: What’s a ‘good’ squatter? Categorization’s processes of squats by government officials in France
  • Thomas Aguilera: Configurations of Squats in Paris and the Ile-de-France Region: diversity of goals and resources
  • ETC Dee: Moving towards criminalisation and then what? Examining dominant discourses on squatting in England

Available from Minor Compositions direct and all good radical bookshops.

ENG – Notes about activist research in SqEK

Some notes about the SqEK’s activist-research perspective

Miguel Martínez1

June, 2012

We could define SqEK as an information and social network of activist-researchers. This should be distinguished from a formal organisation; it is neither an institutionalised research group nor a research institute. Instead of formal externally imposed regulation, SqEK members reach particular consensus decisions which are valid until the next face-to-face meeting. Decisions are usually based on previous debates which have arisen through the email-list or during one of the regular encounters. Just as with squatting itself, no university, state agency, NGO or private company was behind the origin and development of SqEK, although members may use the resources of the institutions to which they belong in the course of participating in this activist-research network.

Membership in the network is also quite open and flexible. The first call to meet in Madrid in 2009 was addressed to researchers all over Europe who had published books or academic articles about squatting, but it was an open call that also appealed to students researching in this or related topics. Later meetings were even more public with the aim of inviting activists and people interested in squatting. New scholars, students, squatters and activists attended the presentations and discussions, although only a few remained involved in SqEK – those who did joined the e-mail list, or later wrote a short letter of introduction and motivation, and asked to join. Most of those who approached SqEK via Internet participated in the regular exchange of messages and in the upcoming meetings.

While the name chosen refers to the existence of a ‘collective’, this is a specific and variable outcome of the activities that all the members perform through the network. Every time we meet, gather in order to write a book or a special issue of a journal, or form a group in order to research a particular topic, we produce collectives. All are part of SqEK. The unitary name may be misleading. The way of working is as a ‘collective of collectives’, that is, as an active network producing research activities with a collective dimension. The general collective entity, then, has looser boundaries than the subgroups. However, these would not be possible without the general umbrella, and the flows of information which are constantly underway within the network.

At the end of the second meeting SqEK held in Milan in 2009, a “manifesto” and research agenda was written collectively and published soon after in ACME (e-journal of critical geography) and the ISA-RC-21 (International Sociological Association-Research Committee) newsletter. This text emphasised that “critical engagement, transdisciplinarity and comparative approaches are the bases of our project. (…) Self-funded research in different countries, internal meetings of the research group and public events are, at the present, our main activities. Diverse methods of research and theoretical frames are also remarkable aspects of our methodology.” At first glance, this declaration does not suggest any exclusive method or theory within SqEK. Nonetheless, there are some approaches that are strongly endorsed within this network.

SqEK encourages methodological approaches in which the researcher is critically engaged in squatting. This is an open and not uncontroversial issue, but at least, explicitly invites self-reflection on the researcher’s involvement with the practices and struggles carried on by squatters. There are different ways to express that engagement, from the researcher who lives as a squatter him/herself, to his/her availability to offer advice and information to squatters who request it. To make this commitment clear, we decided to hold public talks and debates with squatters in each of the cities where SqEK met. The same heterogeneity we observe within the squatters’ scenes is also present within the SqEK. There is no canonical model of the kind of activist-researcher that SqEK promotes, but the common ground is to consider this relationship crucial, and one which should be debated explicitly. We take it for granted that most who are affiliated with SqEK are sympathetic with squatting, or even joined this network due to their previous experiences as squatters. However this does not exclude critical perspectives regarding, for instance, squatters’ contradictions, failures and unintended effects.

“SqEK will seek to critically analyse the squatters’ movement in its relevant contexts (historical, cultural, spatial, political, and economic ), trying to involve the activists in the research practices, and sharing the knowledge thus produced with them and society. (…) Furthermore, in view of the diverse composition of our network we seek to challenge the traditional dichotomy between researchers and their subjects/objects of knowledge. Whenever possible, we would like to involve squatters and activists in our research practices, thus favouring a collaborative and dialogical approach to knowledge production in the belief that social movement activists, just as any other social actor, are themselves producers of knowledge. Consequently, we are not sure activists and academics are necessarily irreconcilable categories. Obviously they are irreconcilable if considered as identity “positions”. Things get a little muddled if we take the angle of the life- course of concrete individuals. One case in point is the composition of our research group. All of us (whatever our differences) are activists and the majority are full-time researchers. We are aware of the difficulty in reconciling the two positions, a difficulty has a lot to do with embedded (and embodied) structures of power. While we believe that this issue is worthy of investigation in our project, we are also aware that problematising our research persona commendable as it is, in our case runs the risk of essentialising our activist one. How should we try to challenge such (an apparently) neat distinction? How can these tensions be productively explored? In more general terms, what constitutes the “activist” activity as active as opposed to what other social actors (don’t) do, is it their “passivity”? In what sense are they “passive” actors? We are an open network and we would welcome participation, suggestions, contributions and collaboration to tackle such questions and investigating the research agenda we are proposing. ” (SqEK Research Agenda)

Therefore, SqEK is a means for researching about squatting, for making collaborative research withsquatters, and advancing public understanding of squatting. Cooperation, horizontality and direct democracy within SqEK are procedures of self-organising that stem from our past (or many members’) experiences in squatting groups. When possible, SqEK members have supported squats under threat of eviction, or disseminated information about different cases of squatting, autonomous social centres and other urban struggles. Activists’ networks and squats have been important for hosting attendees to SqEK meetings, without restricting this mutual aid to the squatting scene. In comparison to most conventional academic conferences, time limits for debates were more flexible in the SqEK meetings. It was familiarly assumed that the group would try consensus concerning organisational affairs of the network. On the other hand, intellectual controversies were always welcome if they were able to shed light on the topics under examination. The depth of the discussions also varied according to the type of participants in each given situation. SqEK also learned from the activist style of do-it-yourself, launching research projects funded at a very low-cost scale. Not least, it has been a relief for activist-researchers to discover that hundreds of European squatters are also “shadow researchers.” That is to say, they research about their environment and about their internal life worlds without calling themselves ‘researchers’. This is a non-institutional or counter-institutional way of producing movement’s knowledge. Activists may not be entirely aware of their contributions to the public knowledge of squatting, but many are highly educated and involved in the kinds of debates, publications, talks, video-making and campaigns which inform a research process. SqEK members feel themselves very tied to those kinds of self-research processes, although they also remain connected with academic debates, bibliographic references and theoretical elections which may be of interest for activists. In addition, several proposals of publication in a non-academic language, accessible to a wider audience, also emerged within the SqEK meetings in order to popularise this collaborative production of knowledge about squatting.

Indeed, activist or militant research suggests that the boundaries between activists and researchers are blurred2. This also means conflicts. Activists may consider some information secret, or sensitive due to political reasons. Some activists do not want to help individuals in their academic careers. Some researchers only see activism as an academic subject from a distant point of view, and are heedless of activists’ concerns. There is great diversity among activists, researchers and activists-researchers, so stereotypes tend to play a harmful role. In general, whether activist or researcher, nobody likes to be treated as an abstract, simplified and static research object. Thus, either activists, the main challenge for all the people involved in a project of activist research is to agree on the terms of the interactions, the means and goals of the cooperation, and the specific combination of subjective and objective analysis. Whatever form the research outcomes adopted, there is also an unavoidable political debate about public access to the knowledge produced, and about the intended and unintended effects of spreading the knowledge. Accordingly SqEK decided to promote, as much as possible, copy-left licenses and practices in our publications. Still, some arrangements and concessions need to be made when dealing with corporate journals, since these are the institutional requirements imposed on an individual engaged in an academic career. To ignore this would be detrimental to the stability of the institutional researchers.

Further, while transdisciplinarity is conventionally claimed for the social sciences since the 1970s, it is not so often brought into practice. Since the beginning of SqEK there has been a common concern for how sociologists, political scientists, geographers, anthropologists, historians, economists and others with many different intellectual backgrounds can work together3. The initial measures adopted consisted of a collective listing of research questions according to each members’ ways of thinking. These questions were grouped into five general dimensions: 1) long and medium term structural factors that make squatting possible; 2) analysis of “conflicts” and “dynamics”; 3) networks of social centres / squats, their politics and culture; 4) empirical case-studies; and 5) squatting in comparative perspective. Then two subgroups of SqEK members were formed in order to work on two research topics according to that general research agenda. These groups produced articles by combining the different disciplinary contributions of their members. Transdisciplinarity was also manifested in the critiques during the SqEK meetings when research developed from a particular social science was subject to comments and criticisms coming from other different social sciences as well as from other intellectual and activists’ perspectives. Therefore, these transdisciplinary debates had a relevant influence in the individual writings in spite of the apparent belonging to a single scientific domain.

Finally, the comparative approach has been strongly supported by all researchers involved since the network was first launched as a means of connecting people from different European cities and countries. Some of them had also sought to compare squatting in two or more cities. All of us sought to obtain and share a deeper knowledge of all European countries as a way of assessing the transnational character of this urban movement. Systematic comparisons point a way to overcome both local and descriptive stories about squatting. Comparisons are therefore conceived as a means to discover cross-national patterns and similar phenomena in different urban settings. In addition, the comparative perspective, systematically applied, obliged SqEK members to collect empirical data in each place according to the variables agreed upon by all the researchers involved. While these intentions framed the whole activity of the SqEK in the long run, some of the publications were only able to collect articles with a national or local scope, leaving the reader with the task of attempting the comparison by his/her own. Not least, SqEK members also produced local ethnographies and collections of squatting stories which were extremely helpful for the comparative efforts of other researchers.

1 A previous draft of this text has received the comments of Alan Moore, Claudio Cattaneo and Andrea Aureli.

2 However, we should recognise that specialised moments of activity may also occur. This means that certain operations involve either an almost exclusive political either scientific work.

3 There is a long dispute about the meaning of ‘transdisciplinarity’ in order to distinguish it from both ‘multidisciplinarity’ (the mere addition of different disciplines) and ‘interdisciplinarity’ (the interaction and mutual questioning between different disciplines). Transdisciplinarity, thus, should attempt to produce integrated knowledge beyond the disciplinary limits, this also including the academic boundaries. Therefore, activists’ knowledge, collaboration, political agendas and assessment may contribute to cross those boundaries.

http://sqek.squat.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/SqEK-methodology_doc_AM_rev_v2.pdf

ENG – Conference New York City, February 23-27, 2012

New York City, February 23-27, 2012
Squatting Europe Collective, New York City, February 23-27, 2012
1. Press release
2. Reception, Thursday 2/23 at ABC No Rio, 7-10pm
3. AAG sessions, Friday 2/24 at Hilton Hotel, 2nd floor Nassau Room
4. Saturday, February 25th, afternoon/evening – Public presentation: “Squatting in Europe: Prospects and Perspectives” at Living Theatre, 5-7pm; ends sharp; drinks afterwards at The Suffolk, Clemente Soto Velez Cultural Center
5. Sunday, February 26th – brunch meeting at 16 Beaver Group 12-4pm // meet with O4O group at 7pm
6. Monday, February 27th – Public meeting with students and activists CUNY-GC 2-5 PM  // Presentation at CUNY-GC 6:30-8:30pm
7. SQEK and House Magic library at Interference Archive, Brooklyn
8. AAG session description (theoretical questions around militant research)
Read the rest of this page »

ES – Okupaciones y los dilemas de la negociación, la legalización y la institucionalización

FECHA: 13 de Febrero 2012
HORA: 19:30
LUGAR: Casablanca

Okupaciones y los dilemas de la negociación, la legalización y la
institucionalización //
Squatting and the dilemmas of negotiation, legalisation and
institutionalisation.
Read the rest of this page »